Washington-President Biden will arrive in Los Angeles on Wednesday to host a three-day summit with Latin American leaders. It wants to show its ability to tackle economic and immigration issues that fuel the region’s most serious challenges.
Even before his first meeting, the president has been the subject of a boycott by some of the most important heads of state who refused to attend because Mr Biden excluded some dictators in the area. His agenda at the conference, which includes a series of lofty presentations, faces deep skepticism.
And thousands of immigrant caravans are heading north in Mexico hoping to travel to the United States while Mr. Biden is in California. This is a visibly reminiscent of the border issues that have plagued the presidency.
Biden remains faced with the unlikely prospect of making serious diplomatic progress when many of his counterparts doubt the US commitment in the region.
Andrés Rosental, Mexico’s Deputy Foreign Minister for six years, said: “I don’t have great expectations for big progress. People are skeptical and then have to wait for something to come out.”
During the presidential election, Mr. Biden did not keep his desire to refocus US foreign policy toward Asia, focusing on China’s new influence. Since his inauguration, he has spent months focusing on Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and building coalitions between European countries.
Mr Biden is determined not to ignore the economic devastation of the southern United States, especially some of the regions that are destabilizing and weakening trade, officials said.
The highlight of this week’s presidential announcement is the creation of what his administration calls the Americas Partnership for Economic Prosperity, which will help the country recover from the coronavirus pandemic and long-term economic challenges. Means to help.
Government officials said Mr Biden would propose reforms to the Inter-American Development Bank, encouraging more private investment in the region and $ 300 million in US investment to combat food insecurity. On Tuesday, Vice President Kamala Harris announced a $ 1.9 billion investment pledge by a private company over the next few years.
However, it is not clear whether these countries are investing strong enough to prevent Biden’s main goal of seeking help from China.
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“He can hardly cover the needs of infrastructure here,” Rozental said. “The Build Back Better is pretty depressed on the roadside. There’s nothing on the card to show me that Biden will come up with some sort of big New Deal for Latin America.”
For Mr. Harris, Mr. Biden said Assigned to work to deal with the causes of illegal immigrantsThe summit may have been an opportunity to show her effectiveness.rear meeting With the president this year Shiomala Castro Harris of Honduras said he was optimistic about the relationships he had built with the leaders in the region.
But both Castro and the leader of El Salvador in Guatemala Mexico Attend the summit and undermine the valuation of the Vice President’s close relationship. Snabs came after almost a month of private attempts by the United States aimed at ensuring their participation.
Biden’s claim that Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuelan leaders will not attend the summit is a sign of US imperialism in many capitals and a sign that they do not want to be honest in addressing the complex issues of the region. Was considered to be.
The three Central American countries known as the Northern Triangle, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, are about together with Mexico. 66 percent of illegal immigrants At the border with the United States, they decided to send their foreign minister to the summit as a signal of their dissatisfaction.
Mexico’s President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador accused Biden and Harris of accepting “old politics, interventionist politics, lack of respect” on Monday.
White House officials said the four countries would send high-level delegations to the summit to sign a joint announcement at the end of the meeting, trying to minimize the impact of the leader’s absence.
“The United States promotes hemispherical action to address the major challenges facing people in the Americas: inequality, health, climate and food security,” said White House spokesman Karine Jean-Pierre. Above, it’s still the most powerful force. ” Said on monday. “So the president will continue to be a leader in the hemisphere.”
However, the absence emphasized the reality that the United States has struggled for decades to provide effective assistance in helping its southern countries.
Billions of dollars have flowed into Latin America over the years, some of which were overseen when Mr. Biden was Vice President and was appointed by President Barack Obama to develop an alliance for prosperity. it was done. In 2015, the program sent $ 750 million to Northern Triangle countries to provide financial stability to discourage people from migrating to the north.
Nevertheless, corruption in these countries is still widespread, some economies have leveled off after the turmoil from the pandemic, and civil society is still collapsing. Interviews with people in Central America show a lack of confidence that more money is the solution for those devastated by economic collapse, natural disasters and political instability.
The lack of progress over the years is especially true when it comes to preventing migrants from heading north.
This issue was particularly difficult for Mr. Biden, who took office with a promise of a more humane system at the border after President Donald J. Trump’s aggressive efforts to keep immigrants away. Instead, Biden has relied on some of Trump’s steps to keep asylum seekers away from the United States because of the coronavirus pandemic.
Biden administration officials are preparing for a surge in immigrants trying to cross the border illegally this summer if the government succeeds in removing pandemic-related restrictions through legal objections. Immigrant advocates have urged the United States and other countries to do more.
“The broader international community has been unable to respond comprehensively and altogether to the Latin American crisis,” Biden said in a statement the day before his inauguration. He leaves for Los Angeles.
“These communities have addressed existing challenges and have been responsible for the lack of support from a small number of donor countries (mainly the United States) and institutions,” she said. ..
The possible arrival of an immigrant caravan during Mr. Biden’s summit could increase his critics’ chances of attacking border treatment. Encouraged by Mr. Trump during his tenure, Republicans have been trying to stimulate fear in recent years using caravans. Misrepresenting immigrants as gangsters and criminals..
actually, Most groups are families — Including children — Economic migrants who escape violence and are enthusiastic about working in the United States. Many often fall apart before reaching the border.
But their presence, Biden’s desire to take leadership in the region, reminds us of how difficult immigration issues are, especially in economic and political uncertainty.
Asked about the summit on Tuesday, Jean-Pierre said he was “looking forward” to Biden hosting the rally.