The Washington-Biden administration has begun to use pandemic-era public health rules to allow certain migrants who arrive at the southwestern border at the end of the month to seek asylum, despite swiftly alienating migrants without options. increase. Ask for it.
A new process aimed at making decisions within a few months, rather than the number of years currently taking through the immigration court system, will apply to “hundreds” of immigrants a month, officials said. ..
The immediate effect of the policy is likely to be minimal, diminished by the huge backlog of the immigration system and the recent surge in immigrants at the border, to reduced asylum between the Trump administration and again. During a pandemic far from widespread recovery of access.But the Biden administration Plan policy deployment Gradually, it can represent the cutting edge of what some experts consider to be the most radical change to the asylum process of the quarter century.
Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro N. Mallorcas said, “Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro N. Mallorcas said,” Individuals who qualify for asylum are protected more quickly, and those who are not qualified are litigated. Rather than staying in the United States for several years pending, they will be quickly eliminated. ” Thursday’s statement. “We are promptly providing justice while ensuring due process.”
After months of formal reviews and public comments, the new plan is President Biden’s first attempt to improve the asylum system he promised to recover after four years of decline during the Trump administration. Is an important policy.
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The modest development of the plan goes during a period of record high migrant crossings along the southwestern border as people from countries around the world have fled poverty and violence over the past year, especially over the past month. I will. Some of these immigrants are allowed to face domestic migration procedures under existing processes, but quickly under public health regulations known as Title 42, which have been in place since the beginning of the pandemic. Have been banished to.
Of the more than 700,000 people released to the United States since Mr Biden took office, most will be added to more than 1.7 million outstanding cases in the immigration court system. With the exception of hundreds of asylum cases in the month of adopting the new application process, the rest continue through the traditional process of immigration court.
Immigrants chosen to be routed using the new process come from a very specific subset. This includes migrants in a special category that empowers immigration officers to expel people without a hearing. Quick removalIt is held at one of the two immigration detention centers in Texas. The government said it plans to move to Boston, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Newark and San Francisco.
Under the rapid removal process, border authorities ask migrants if they are afraid to return to their country. Those who say they are scheduled for what is known as a credible horror interview with an asylum-seeker.
In the traditional system, immigrants who pass these interviews join many other people waiting in the United States, often appearing in front of immigration inspectors for years and officially asylum. Apply. However, under the new plan, immigrants who pass the initial screening will then file a proceeding with the asylum-seeker.
Immigrant advocates have criticized the new policy that immigrants do not provide due process enough to apply for asylum and appeal for refusal. And conservatives argued that asylum decisions should be made by immigration inspectors, not asylum-seekers. Texas has filed a proceeding against the new plan, but it will not affect Tuesday’s rollout.
The Department of Homeland Security does not mention the number of recent migrants who met certain criteria for eligible people in the initial deployment. According to federal data, 6,383 migrants were subject to rapid removal procedures in April. That’s only 2 percent of total anxiety at the border that month.
The administration hoped to stop using public health rules this week and return to the normal immigration process that was in place before the pandemic.But Recent court order The administration was forced to maintain public health rules. The rule, aimed at preventing the spread of the coronavirus, empowers border authorities to expel undocumented migrants without giving them the opportunity to seek asylum.
Another restricted option for requesting asylum at the southwestern border is through a Trump-era program that allows you to apply for asylum while waiting in Mexico for a particular immigrant to make a decision. The Biden administration tried to end the program by calling it inhumane, but the court ordered it to be restored.