Hatay, Turkey — The bakery of the Alaa Aldin family may have been a victim of the Syrian civil war. Instead, it has become a symbol of what American officials describe as the resilience of refugees trying to survive many fear-forgotten conflicts.
The three brothers Ahmad, Iyad and Bassam Ala Aldin decided to relocate their business in 2013 to escape the violence that destroyed their hometown of Idlib. They crossed the border with his wife and children and opened a new sparkling bakery in the southern Turkish city of Hatay. The neighborhood is now full of Syrians, reminiscent of a comparison with prewar Damascus. Their 25 employees are also Syrian refugees.
“What this shows to me and the world is that refugees can contribute to the country,” said United Nations Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield at a bakery this week in front of a pile of pistachiols. rice field. Baklava with honey dripping.
“The message they heard from me is that we haven’t forgotten Syria,” she said when the brothers stood nearby.
It was also a pointed out message to the Turkish government. 3.7 million Syrian refugees in the country Return across the border.
In an already tense economy, many Turks have accused refugees of accepting low wages and are therefore hired by the limited number of jobs available in the country. Hard-line politicians have long said that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has a door-opening policy that they say has allowed an “invasion” to escape Syrian, Afghan and other conflicts. I’ve been blaming you.
Prime Minister Erdogan has promised to send back at least some refugees and will launch a new military attack on Kurdish fighters in Syria this week to ensure a safe passage for refugees’ return. Threatened.
The United States has criticized a planned Turkish attack targeting Kurdish fighters in northern Syria in a conflict long before the civil war that began in 2011. On Wednesday, Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken warned that Turkey’s invasion would further destabilize Turkey’s invasion. region.
More Syrian people are also as the routes used by the United Nations to deliver food, water, medicine and other supplies to millions of people in Idlib, northwestern Syria, may be closed. You may be forced to escape.
Peace talks, led by the United States and Russia, have been stalemate for years and have supported decades of human devastation and diplomatic disappointment.
Permanent effect of the Syrian civil war
After a decade of fighting, many Syrians wonder if their country can be restored.
After 11 years of war, Syria has become a warning example of what can happen in endless conflicts, such as those that began 100 days ago in Ukraine.
“There is no work on the world,” said Ammar Arselmo, a member of White Helmets, a rescue organization operating primarily in the northwestern part of the country, a region controlled by Syrian rebels.
“There is no action against Syria, and I’m sorry to say that this war has moved to Ukraine. The same war tactics are now taking place in Ukraine and the same suffering.”
“What happened in Syria is a rehearsal of what happened later in Ukraine,” Arselmo said.
As many diplomats and rescue workers expect, Thomas Greenfield spent two days in Hatay this week visiting the Syrian border, forcing the United Nations to end its aid to Idlib in July. We evaluated the potential fallout in the case. Already, UN officials have emptied warehouses to stockpile aid in Syria in case Russia refuses to take annual Security Council measures.
Russia, a benefactor of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, has accused the provision of international aid for violating Syria’s sovereignty while supporting Idlib militants. In a recent interview, Russia’s UN ambassador, Dmitry Polyansky, said: Doubt UN deliveries will continue, given that adherence to the mission over the past few years has only been facilitated in last-minute negotiations with the United States.
Since Moscow invaded Ukraine in February, diplomatic negotiations between the United States and Russia have almost stopped. But Thomas-Greenfield said at the United Nations Russia’s to maintain aid and to prevent Moscow from using it as a key to negotiations with other countries to gain leverage in Ukraine. He said he would resume discussions with diplomats.
Mark Katz, Syria’s UN Rescue Coordinator, said humanitarian aid activities are the largest in the world, with more than 56,000 trucks of life-saving supplies delivered since 2014. Tent — Receive supplies delivered to Idlib, the last major rebel shelter in Syria and an area of refuge for radicals associated with Alcaeda.
“You don’t have to live in a tent for more than 10 years,” Katz said. “And we are no longer providing the support we need.”
Thomas Greenfield said it more frankly. Without help, she said, “The baby will die.”
On the Turkish side of the border, known as Point Zero, Hatay’s deputy governor, Ohan Akturk, said the amount of aid seems to be less than before. He said the UN mission “should be extended.” “Given an alternative, that’s important.”
NATO members of the United States and Turkey have formed an uncertain alliance over the past decade as Prime Minister Erdogan suppressed political opposition and freedom of speech, leading to criticism from the United States. Beliefs among many Turks The failure of the coup attempt against Prime Minister Erdogan in 2016 fueled tensions that the United States played a shadowy role.
Understanding the Syrian Civil War
Permanent dispute. The Syrian War began 11 years ago with a peaceful rebellion against the government and was involved in a multifaceted conflict involving armed rebels and jihadists. Here’s what you need to know:
The two countries oppose Mr. Al-Assad’s seize of power, but are severely divided over Kurdish fighters in northern Syria. Turkey sees them as terrorists, but the United States sees them as partners who helped defeat the Islamic State.
More recently, Prime Minister Erdogan has blocked Sweden and Finland from joining NATO in line with Russia’s opposition to the expansion of the military alliance.
Thomas Greenfield spoke with Turkey’s State Minister for Foreign Affairs Sedat Önal on Thursday. According to an explanation of the conversation released by her office, the two agreed on the importance of keeping UN aid flowing to Syria. He also mentioned US opposition to future Turkish attacks on Syrian Kurds.
Human rights defender Has been criticized for years Mr. Erdogan deported refugees in violation of international law and relocated refugees to the Syrian region near the border where Turkish troops expelled Kurdish fighters.
In an interview later Thursday, Thomas Greenfield said it was “hopeful and hopeful” to try to justify Turkey’s return of refugees to a so-called safe zone where many Syrians have never lived. Thoughts. “
“Refugees will determine if they are safe to return,” she added.
The government of Prime Minister Erdogan has set an estimated 100,000 brick houses in Idlib for refugees and other Syrians who have returned in the process of saying that Turkey’s interior minister, Süleyman Soyle, is voluntary on Wednesday. I started building. Prime Minister Erdogan also promised to build schools and hospitals in Syria and invite refugees to return home voluntarily.
“We are not going to leave humanity alone. Mr. Soil said Wednesday in Ankara, the capital of Turkey, but he said,” I find it impossible for us to carry another wave of immigrants. We know, “he said, accusing the Western government of not providing a solution.
In Hatay, 67-year-old Mohammed Faisal said he could not return to Syria.
He survived a 15-year prison for speaking against the Syrian government, and after another four years of civil war, fled to Turkey in 2015.
People who still live in Syria are “in a very difficult situation,” said a man who did not want to be identified by his full name for fear of retaliation.
Without international assistance, he said, “these people can be considered dead.”
Safak Timur of Istanbul contributed to the report.